(Predestination and Free Will (Al-Jabr wa t-tafwid

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsThis text is a translation of Tashihu-Itiqad of Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Nu‘man, Known as ash-Shaykh al-Mufid (336/948 or 338/950 – 413/1022)Ash-Shaykh Abu Ja‘far, may Allah have mercy upon him, says: "There is neither (complete) compulsion (or constraint) (on human beings), nor (complete) delegation (or freedom), but the matter is midway between the two [extremes] (amrun bayna amrayn)." Then he adduces, to support this definition, a mursal tradition. He was asked to define what...

Authority from a Shia Perspective

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsIn this paper I propose to describe the teachings of Shi'ite Islam about authority in a manner accessible to Catholic partners in dialogue. For this purpose, I will contrast Shi'ite views on these issues with those of Catholics, and those of Sunni theologians, and I will also mention a few of the differences of opinion on these matters among the various Shi'ite sects and Sufis.To begin with, we need to clarify what is meant by authority. Needless to say, there is no concept in the Muslim...

The Particular Beliefs of the Shi'a

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachings- THE RATIONALE GOODNESS AND BADNESSWE BELIEVE that human wisdom can appreciate many good things to distinct from the bad ones, and the right from wrong; by his blessful power of distinction, which God has given him. Even before coming of the prophets with the LAW, Man could rationally distinguish many good and bad. For instance he could easily understand that justice is good and oppression is bad. Man could know that some ethics like: truthfulness, honesty, bravery and generosity are good...

(What is shafa‘ah (intercession

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsReply: Shafa‘ah {intercession} is one of the principles confirmed by Islam which has been acknowledged by all Muslim sects and schools of thought which abide by the Qur’an and Sunnah regardless of their different views about the outcome of shafa‘ah. Shafa‘ah means that an honorable person who enjoys special station and proximity to God can plead with God, the Exalted, for the forgiveness of the sins of sinners, or elevation of the station of others.The Holy Prophet (S) says:لاُمّتِي...

The Shi'ite Doctrines and Beliefs 2

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachings13- THE ISAMIC WORSHIPWE BELIEVE in performance of all the worships that are decreed by Islam, such as our five daily prayers for maintaining the relations between Man & God, Or the FASTING OF the month Ramazan which improves the faith and the piety.Performance of the rites of pilgrimage (HAJJ), once in the life for those who can afford it, is a must, and has to be done. Paying the TITHS and the ONE FIFTH is an essential order and must be observed.Although some partial and insignificant...

The Shi'ite Doctrines and Beliefs 1

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsBesides what was said in the previous chapters about our BELIEF; there are other specialties in our ideas that will follow in this chapter.1- THE RATIONALE GOODNESS AND BADNESSWE BELIEVE that human wisdom can appreciate many good things to distinct from the bad ones, and the right from wrong; by his blessful power of distinction, which God has given him. Even before coming of the prophets with the LAW, Man could rationally distinguish many good and bad. For instance he could easily understand...

The Shi'ah - The Divine Code of Living 5

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachings12. Slaughtering and HuntingThe basic principle in Shi'ah jurisprudence concerning animals whose blood spurts 4 is that they become "najis" (impure) when they die, and that it is unlawful (haram) to eat their flesh.There is also a division of animals into two categories: those which are impure (najis) in essence and cannot become pure, such as the dog and the pig, and cannot therefore on no account be eaten; and those which become essentially impure if they die in any way other than as a result...

The Shi'ah - The Divine Code of Living 4

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachings10. Endowments (waqf); Gifts (nibah) and Charities (sadaqah):If someone owns some property and wishes to relinquish possession of it, his transference of it may be such that it is final. That is, now only will it go out of his possession, but he can never claim it back, whether, e.g., he frees a slave, or gives up possession of a house or some land to make it a place of worship, a mosque, or a place for use in pilgrimages. By such an act, the property can never again return to the ownership of...

The Shi'ah - The Divine Code of Living 3

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsDivorceIt is clear that the essence of marriage is the very special union which is established between man and woman, and which makes the two different individuals close companions and partners to each other. The cooperation and communion between wife and husband may be compared to a person's eyes and hands - each hand is different from the other but each complements and perfects the other.The very nature of this act, that two personalities, who are quite unacquainted with each other, are so...

The Shi'ah - The Divine Code of Living 2

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200px-No_image_available.svg shia teachingsJihadJihad is the foundation stone of the magnificent building of Islam. In its absence the religion of God would neither have been the cause of mercy for the world, nor would it have proved a source of blessing to mankind.For jihad means fighting against oppression and oppressors, and sacrificing one's life and wealth in the way of God. for the preservation of peace and tranquility.In the Shi'a religion it is of two kinds: "Jihad al-akbar" (the greater jihad) and "Jihad al-asghar" (the lesser...
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