The Mu’tazilites 3

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200px-No_image_available.svg Mu'taziliteWhat has been discussed in the previous two lessons relate to the core beliefs of the Mutazilite School of Thought.  However, and as we have already mentioned, they advanced many views and opinions and defended them fervently.  Some of those views relate to different disciplines, such as divinity, physics (or natural sciences), sociology, and man.  Insofar as subjects of divinity, or metaphysics, are concerned, there are those, which involve the public aspects, and those that deal with the...

The Mu’tazilites 2

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200px-No_image_available.svg Mu'taziliteThe origin of Justice       In the previous chapter, we mentioned, in general terms, the five tenets of the Mu’tazilites.  We have, though, discussed in some detail their belief in monotheism.  In this chapter, we will be discussing the second of their tenets, i.e. Justice.It is manifestly clear that there is not a single Islamic sect that considers Justice among the Divine Attributes.  No one has said that God is not just.  However, the Mu’tazilites differed with their arch opponents...

The Mu’tazilites 1

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200px-No_image_available.svg Mu'tazilite We embark on this study into the Mua’tazilites for a reason, which we will discuss later.This group came into being towards the end of the first century of the Islamic era, or at the turn of the second century.  Naturally, during this period, kalaam, or scholastic theology, had already developed into a fully-fledged science.At the outset, we list down the Mua’tazilites’ distinctive systems of belief.  We will then make reference to their famous personalities, stating some outstanding...