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    “Verily Hussain is the shining light of guidance and the ark of salvation”
The Twelfth Imam, the Savior of Humanity
Monday, 12 September 2016
Name: Muhammad. Title: al-Mahdi, al-Qa'im , al-Hujjah , al-Gha'ib , Sahibu'z-Zaman, Sahibu 'l-Amr. Agnomen: Abu'l-Qasim. Father's name: al-Hasan al-'Askari. Mother's name: Nargis. Birth: In Samarra', on Friday, 15th Sha'ban 255 AH. He is still living and will appear before the end of the world. Minor Occultation: 8th Rabi 'u 'I-awwal 260 AH. Major Occultation: 10th Shawwal 329 AH. There Existed a good deal of harmony and uniformity between the aspects pertaining to the births of Prophet Muhammad, the last Apostle of Allah and Imam al-Mahdi, the last Apostolic Imam. Just as the coming of the Holy Prophet was prophesied well in advance by the preceding prophets, similarly the impending news of the gracious birth of Imam al-Mahdi was foretold by the Holy Prophet. Innumerable traditions in... Read More...
Waiting for and Calling the Awaited leader
Monday, 12 September 2016
Sadiq Hassan Background a)Waiting is not a passive situation. It requires efforts & actions to bring about changes on both personal & social fronts. b) The Reappearance is also dependant upon the conditions of supporters & the society. The leader also awaits the availability of followers who will instantly obey w/o hesitation & questioning. c) Allah (swt) operates through a normal cause & effect conditions & miracles are not put into motion in many situations. Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition; Quran Ch 13 V11 d) History repeats itself & Quran is a book of guidance, hence narrates those episodes where there are learning values for humanity e) Many recent events point to the fact that the reappearance is very close. Many Hadith also point... Read More...
The Philosophy of Occultation of Imam Mahdi
Monday, 12 September 2016
The Almighty Allah has bestowed the human beings with superiority and has kept the rest of the creation under him. He says,’ I have created man with the best parts. Whether it is the earth or atmosphere, sea or the mountain, forest or the desert, man not only has superiority upon all these but they are subservient to his commands and power. But Allah has also said that when I turned around this man, I found him to be the worst of the creation. To show the superiority and specialty of man he has been given the freedom of will and with it, complete guidance. In this way the path for him was laid out that he may not misuse his freedom and be led astray by the instigation of the Satan. By giving him intellect and reasoning he was made capable of discerning the good and the bad. And the... Read More...
Studying in the Hawza – Realities and Challenges
Friday, 19 August 2016
*A write-up on a session regarding pursuing Hawza studies, with Ayatullah Mahmood Madani, one of the representatives of the Supreme Leader.” There exists not progression, but that it requires knowledge and recognition. In our daily lives, we are in desperate need of knowledge, and without learning, man cannot progress. Ahadith of the AhlulBayt are abundant on the subject of seeking knowledge, and one such tradition states that he, who carries out acts of worship without knowledge, is a donkey working in a mill; finishing in the same spot even after years of strenuous effort…! Having established that, practically speaking, the likelihood of an entire community rushing towards the hawza – centres of religious learning and self-building – to train even just a few terms, is nil. The... Read More...
Penury, Both Contemptible and Praiseworthy
Friday, 19 August 2016
Source: Ain-al-Hayat, By: Allama Muhammad Baqir Majlisi The Prophet of Islam (S) has said that the first to enter the Heaven will be the faqirs or the impecunious persons. When they are admitted to the Heaven, people will wonder why they were allowed to enter without any questioning. Then the faqirs would say that they needed not to render any account that they were neither king nor had any high ranks in the world. They had no wealth to be responsible for apportioning it. They were busy in the world supplicating to Allah and awaited their call. One should know that faqr or penury is of two types. One is Faqr il Allah or Penury in the way of God; the other is faqr il annaas or penury to impress and take advantage of people and ask for alms. This faqr is despicable. This faqr makes a person... Read More...
Superiority of Humility
Friday, 19 August 2016
Source: Ain-al-Hayat, By: Allama Muhammad Baqir Majlisi Humility is the best of all the human traits. One should always bear in his mind that Greatness is all for Allah only. The more humble a person, the more he shall be endowed with the bounties of Allah. The earth in its humility is a repository of the jewels and other invaluable resources, it helps in the production of innumerable fruits and flowers. Similarly, man, who has been made from the humble soil, had the privilege of the angels prostrating to him and is endowed with an intellect superior to all the creations. Because the fire is rebellious by instinct, Satan has been created from it. Man should therefore adopt humility and patience in all circumstances. He should refrain from pride and prejudice craving for ascendancy over... Read More...
Differences Between Twelve-Imam Shi'ism and Isma'ilism and Zaydism
Friday, 12 August 2016
The majority of the Shi'ites, from whom the previously mentioned groups have branched out, are Twelve-Imam Shi'ites, also called the Imamites. As has already been mentioned, the Shi'ites came into being because of criticism and protest concerning two basic problems of Islam, without having any objections to the religious ways which through the instructions of the Prophet had become prevalent among their contemporary Muslims. These two problems concerned Islamic government and authority in the religious sciences, both of which the Shi'ites considered to be the particular right of the Household of the Prophet. The Shi'ites asserted that the Islamic caliphate, of which esoteric guidance and spiritual leadership are inseparable elements, belongs to Ali and his descendants. They also believed... Read More...
Isma'ilism
Friday, 12 August 2016
Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq had a son named Isma'il who was the oldest of his children. Isma'il died during the lifetime of his father who summoned witnesses to his death, including the governor of Medina. Concerning this question , some believed that Isma'il did not die but went into occultation, that he would appear again and would be the promised Mahdi. They further believed that the summoning of witnesses on the part of the Imam for Isma'il's death was a way of hiding the truth in fear of al-Mansur, the Abbasid caliph. Another group believed that the true Imam was Isma'il whose death meant the imamate was transferred to his son Muhammad. A third group also held that although he died during the lifetime of his father he was the Imam and that the imamate passed after him to Muhammad ibn... Read More...
DIVISIONS WITHIN SHI'ISM
Friday, 12 August 2016
Each religion possesses a certain number of primary principles which form its essential basis and other principles of secondary importance. When the followers of a religion differ as to the nature of the primary principles and their secondary aspects but preserve a common basis, the result is called division (inshi'ab) within that religion. Such divisions exist in all traditions and religions, and more particularly in the four "revealed" religions of Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Islam. Shi'ism did not undergo any divisions during the imamate of the first three Imams: Ali, Hasan, and Husayn. But after the martyrdom of Husayn, the majority of the Shi'ites accepted the imamate of Ali ibn Husayn al-Sajjad, while a minority known as the Kisaniyah believed that the third son of... Read More...
The Ash’arites
Tuesday, 08 March 2016
As we have already explained in the previous lessons that the ideas that led to the emergence of the Mutazilite School of Thought can be traced back to the second half of the first century of the Islamic era. In an attempt to understand the fundamentals of religion and propagating them, they advocated an approach that was a mixture of logic and deduction.  It goes without saying that the first parameter in this approach was giving precedence to the independent judgement of reason over any other thing.  It is obvious too that the wider general public are not concerned with reasoning and examination, considering “practicing religion” synonymous to “worship”, and the manifest, or exoteric, meaning of Qur’anic verses and hadiths (Prophetic traditions), especially the latter, as a... Read More...
The Mu’tazilites 3
Tuesday, 08 March 2016
What has been discussed in the previous two lessons relate to the core beliefs of the Mutazilite School of Thought.  However, and as we have already mentioned, they advanced many views and opinions and defended them fervently.  Some of those views relate to different disciplines, such as divinity, physics (or natural sciences), sociology, and man.  Insofar as subjects of divinity, or metaphysics, are concerned, there are those, which involve the public aspects, and those that deal with the intimate aspects.  It goes without saying that, in common with other speculative theologians, the Mu’tazilites have aimed to deal with the latter, which revolve around the core of religious beliefs.  As regards the discussion on public affairs, it is deemed as a prelude to the wider issues of... Read More...
The Mu’tazilites 2
Tuesday, 08 March 2016
The origin of Justice        In the previous chapter, we mentioned, in general terms, the five tenets of the Mu’tazilites.  We have, though, discussed in some detail their belief in monotheism.  In this chapter, we will be discussing the second of their tenets, i.e. Justice. It is manifestly clear that there is not a single Islamic sect that considers Justice among the Divine Attributes.  No one has said that God is not just.  However, the Mu’tazilites differed with their arch opponents, i.e. the Ash’arites, in interpretation.  The Asha’rites advanced their argument in such a way that the Mu’tazilites regard as equivalent to rejecting it.  For their part, the Ash’arites do not accept the charge that they are rejecters of Justice. The Mu’tazilites’ belief in... Read More...